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聖保祿被斬首圖

2015年5月,「三聖泉修道院|Tre Fontane」正式認證為第十一家正統修道院酒廠。修道院名字來自一個古老的基督教典故:在早期基督教被迫害的時期,宗徒「聖保祿|Saint Paul」就是在西元67年,羅馬市中心,被當時皇帝「尼祿」下令斬首,相傳聖保祿的頭顱,在落地時彈起三次,每次彈起時,觸及的地面湧出了奇蹟的泉水,三聖泉之名也因此流傳。

Tre Fontane three fountains
現今的三聖泉的所在

但直至四世紀前期,「君士坦丁大帝」承認基督教為帝國合法宗教後,這裡才有了第一座紀念聖保祿的教堂,六世紀中後期,「查士丁尼大帝」在教堂邊設立了修道院,供給當地的僧侶修行,此後二百年間,許多新建築逐漸增加,包括向聖母瑪麗亞致敬的教堂,不幸的,在八世紀時,當地遭遇嚴重的大火,多數建築付之一炬,當時的教宗「哈德良一世|Adrian I」有感此地的重要,投入了大量資源進行重建,到了十世紀,三聖泉被隸屬到「克呂尼修道會|Cluniacs」,但在西元1140年,由教宗「英諾森二世|Innocent II」將之交給屬於隱修派的「熙篤會」,並開始了三聖泉教區的復興,終於在西元1306年完成了三聖泉修道院社區的建築與教堂的建設,爾後五世紀間,修道院跌宕起伏,直到1808年,拿破崙占領羅馬,驅逐了修士們,掠奪了修道院所有文物財產。

Tre Fontane path在沉寂一段時日後,1868年4月21日,教宗宣布重建三聖泉修道院,由法國La Grande Trappe|大隱修院」帶領,將當時造成瘧疾氾濫的沼澤引流出去,並種植大量可驅趕蚊蟲的尤加利樹,在當地政府的支援下,修道院前後種植了超過125,000株的尤加利樹,成為政府防疫計畫重要的一部分,也幫助了僧侶及人們可以在瘧疾肆虐下存活下來。

西元1873年,三聖泉的修士們建立了蒸餾廠,結合周邊可運用的原料,生產高品質的利口酒,尤加利樹就是他們使用最多也最具特色的一種原料。西元2014年開始嘗試釀造被他們稱之為修士的啤酒(Birra dei Monaci),2015年5月4日,終於得到國際特拉普會聯盟( ITA |International Trappist Association)認證為世界上第十一間正宗修道院啤酒,授權使用代表官方的六角形標示(ATP|Authentic Trappist Product)

Tre Fontane comunity

 

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三聖泉義大利正宗修道院啤酒 750ml, 330ml 兩種容量

Tre Fontane Chalice

Tre Fontane Trappist Beer

 

『Tre Fontane Tripel』,上層發酵,未過濾,酒精強度8.5%的麥酒,受原始修道院『三倍』風格啓發,釀造時添加了修道院內種植的尤加利葉,賦予了很獨特、平和的尤加利葉的草本、精油香氣,以及乾淨、爽朗的微甜尾韻。開瓶時湧出香草、香蕉、丁香、水蜜桃以及尤加利葉、薄荷、柑橘的香味等等,氣泡豐盛、略有帶溫暖的酒感,酒色為深金黃,酒體飽滿但口感偏清爽,些許苦,以及,當然會有的,柔和的尤加利葉的風味。

Origins of Tre Fontane
In May 2015, the Abbey of Tre Fontane became the eleventh official Trappist brewery. Despite being the newest member of the Trappist family, Tre Fontane boasts a rich history dating back to the earliest days of Christianity. The abbey grounds are situated in the heart of Rome at the holy site of the martyrdom of Saint Paul the Apostle. In 67 A.D. Saint Paul was imprisoned and eventually beheaded under orders from emperor Nero. According to legend, the head of the apostle came into contact with the ground three times after he was beheaded, from which arose three miraculous sources of water. Thus, the name Tre Fontane comes from the Italian name meaning “three fountains.”

Early History
A church was established by Constantine the Great in the early fourth century in honor of St. Paul. The first record of a monastic community occupying the site comes in the later half of the sixth century when Emperor Justinian established a monastery attached to the Church of St. Paul for Greek monks. During the seventh and the eighth centuries new buildings were added, including the church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. During the 8th Century, the community suffered a serious fire but due to the importance of the location, Pope Adrian I invested considerable sums to rebuild and revive the devastated community.In the tenth century, Tre Fontane was given to the Cluniacs. In 1140, Pope Innocent II gave the monastery to the Cistercian Order who sent a colony from Clairvaux and began the work of reviving the ancient grounds. Finally in 1306, the monks completed the construction of the various buildings and churches. Over the next five centuries, the fortunes of the abbey waxed and waned until 1808 when Napoleon occupied the papal estates and secularized the abbey, forcing out the Cistercian monks.

Trappist Era
On April 21, 1868, a Papal Bull re-established Tre Fontane as a Trappist Monastery when monks from La Grande Trappe (France) began the arduous work of restoring the abbey. One of the big early projects was to drain the swamps that had caused centuries of malaria problems. The monks also planted eucalyptus trees – which naturally keep away mosquitoes, and were granted even more land after promising to plant at least 125,000 more trees as part of a government initiative.

In 1873, the monks installed a distillery which has since been producing high quality liquors based largely on local ingredients grown on the lands of the monks. Eucalyptus is the most prominent ingredient used. In 2014, the monks began brewing a beer which they called Birra dei Monaci or Monk’s Beer. On May 4th, 2015, Tre Fontane and its beer received official ITA (International Trappist Association) accreditation and the right to add the famous ATP (Authentic Trappist Product) hexagon logo to the label. Thus, in 2015 Tre Fontane became the 11th official Trappist brewery.

Tre Fontane Tripel
This top-fermented, unfiltered ale has an ABV of 8.5% and is inspired by the original Trappist tripel. It is brewed with eucalyptus leaves grown by the abbey.

“The high carbonation gives the mouthfeel a pleasant dry finish. The mildly sweet aftertaste comes from the soothing flavor of eucalyptus herb which cleanses and refreshes the palate. While the beer gives the impression of being light, it has abundant body. The high alcohol content adds a warm, refined feeling to the soothing highlights of the eucalyptus.”

Tasting Notes:
Color: intense, hazy dark gold
Nose: vanilla, banana, clove, peach, aroma of eucalyptus, minty, citrus, malts
Palate: rich, sweet, a bit bitter, soft taste of eucalyptus

 

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