黑山植物園酒莊首先種植了蒙特內哥羅著名的原生白葡萄克爾斯塔（Krstač）。是世界上唯一生產 Krstač 酒款的酒莊, Krstač 的意思是十字架, 是一個古老蒙特內哥羅的白葡萄品種,主要生長在首都波德戈里察和其週邊,有許多人嘗試著在別的地區培育但都沒有成功,他似乎只適合生長在日曬充裕.降雨量低的蒙特內哥羅.
Montenegro is a Balkan country located in Southeastern Europe with rugged mountains, medieval villages and a narrow strip of beaches along its Adriatic coastline. It is on the opposite side of the Adriatic Sea from Italy, and bordered by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, and Albania. The country got its name (literally, “black mountain”) from the dark, mountain forests that cover the land. After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1992, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro together established a federation as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in 2003, it renamed itself Serbia and Montenegro. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year. It was officially named Republic of Montenegro until 22 October 2007.
Montenegro has a long viticultural history dating back to the Roman era. It has a very favorable location, positioned at the intersection of the Adriatic and Ionian seas. With its relatively dry, mountainous, and Mediterranean landscape, the Montenegrin land is conducive to viticulture and winemaking. Located near Greece and Italy, Montenegro started utilizing its vineyards long before wine producers like France and Italy.
In the 1960s, modern viticulture and winemaking in Montenegro was born. In 1963, agricultural entities merged in the area of Podgorica, Danilovgrad and Virpazar into an entity called “Agroplant 13.jul” which was later transformed into a modern company called “13. jul-Plantaže”. Beginning in 1970, a group of enthusiasts and visionaries launched the company Plantaže, undertaking a massive project of planting vineyards covering more than 2.000 hectares. These vineyards were planted in an infertile wasteland near Podgorica, known as Ćemovsko polje. This unique vineyard was in an area full of wild fields, bare stones and little fertile soil. The region enjoys over 2500 hours of sunshine annually. From 1977-1982 more than 11 million grapevines were planted, making it the biggest single viticultural project undertaken in European history. Plantaže first planted the indigenous Montenegrin grape variety Vranac, then Krstač and later noble international varietals.
Ćemovsko polje is the largest vineyard in Europe, covering an area of 2310 hectares with over 11 million grape vines planted. These vineyards are located approximately thirty kilometers from the Adriatic sea, next to Lake Skadar. The vineyards are bordered by the riverbed of the “lost river” Cijevna, on one side. Searching for its way to the Morača river and the sea, the river Cijevna found its way through the rocks, making a picturesque small canyon. In the riverbed of the river Cijevna, a specific section of the rootstock where Plantaze’s vineyards are situated is comprised of layers of different types of stones. The microclimate of the Ćemovsko polje region is largely determined by its proximity to the Adriatic Sea. The vineyard is located on a plateau, with an altitude of only 45 to 70 meters above sea level and is bordered by a range of bare, limestone hills. This karst valley is marked by extremely hot and dry summers and winters, only slightly cooler than coastal areas.
Extremely little precipitation and abundant sunshine complete the picture of this area. But, that hot sun, beating over Podgorica for ten to twelve hours daily during summer months, represents only one of the challenges with which the grapevine in the Ćemovsko polje faces. The other challenge is the soil, heavy and skeletal, made of chalky limestone, intertwined with sand and pebble with many polished round pebbles. These “challenges” give the grapes a premium quality with a balanced ratio between sugar and acidity.
95% of the grapes at Ćemovsko polje are still manually harvested by hand. During the harvest, from August to the end of September, over 2000 grape pickers are employed.
Plantaže produces over 40 different wines and four types of grape brandies, from 26 different grape varieties. 70% of the grapes grown in the vineyards of Plantaze are the full-bodied Vranac. Plantaze sales constitute on average, 25% white wine, 10% brandy and 65% Vranac. 10 different wines are made from Vranac. Each year, 17 million bottles of wine and grape brandy are produced, making Plantaze the market leader in the Balkan region. Plantaze exports to 35 countries and accounts for 60% of all agricultural exports from Montenegro.
The Šipčanik wine cellar is situated in the centre of the biggest vineyard of Montenegro. It offers picturesque views of the entire vineyard. Šipčanik was an underground aircraft hangar of the Yugoslav Army until the 1990s. In 2007 it was reconstructed and converted into a wine cave by Plantaže. It is a 356 meter long tunnel with over 7000 square meters of space where wine is tended and stored.
13.5% ABV, 750ML
This famous French variety thrives in the Podgorica viticultural area, presenting varietal characteristics with grace and opulence as a result of the abundant sunshine, rocky soil and vineyards uniquely positioned at the intersection of Mediterranean and continental climates.
Color: very deep, dark ruby color with a burgundy rim.
Nose: Beautifully perfumed floral aromas of violets and rose petals. Luscious, juicy, rich fruit notes of plums, dark ripe cherries, and blueberries. Complemented by subtle toasted oak and vanilla notes in the background.
Palate: Incredibly smooth! Rich and fruity. Very well balanced with mild acidity and velvety tannins. Medium to full bodied, well rounded merlot with great character. Juicy fruits slide smoothly across the palate. Super approachable wine. The type of wine that makes you just want to enjoy sip after sip after sip. Very enjoyable!
Finish: intense fruity aftertaste with lingering sweet red cherries and blueberries.
Food pairing suggestions: Peking duck, grilled chicken, turkey, braised short ribs, blackened salmon, lasagna, tomato based pasta dishes, lamb chops, gourmet burgers, lean and tender steaks such as filet mignon.
Recommended serving temperature: 16 to 18 degrees.
13.5% ABV, 750ML
Plantaže is the only winery in the world producing Krstač. This ancient white variety is a Vitis Vinifera grape that can only be found in Montenegro, where it grows mainly in and around Podgorica, the capital city. Many have tried unsuccessfully to cultivate the elliptical grape variety elsewhere but it appears to only thrive in the favorable Montenegrin climate, which has ideal humidity, limited rain and plentiful sunshine. It has a characteristic berry size and form of the cluster, resembling a cross, after which it got its name, Krstač, meaning cross.
Color: light yellow
Nose: fruity notes of citrus, peach, and lemons, and a subtle minerality.
Palate: Pleasant medium-bodied, rich white wine. Dry with nice vibrant acidity on mid palate. Crisp and balanced. Pleasant minerality and salty characteristics mark the finish.
Recommended serving temperature: 10 degrees
Food Pairing: Fish and seafood, egg dishes, foie gras, grilled white meats and appetizers, soft white cheese. Well chilled, Krstač represents the ideal aperitif.
2013 Vranac Pro Corde
14% ABV, 750ML
Vranac is an autochtonous Montenegrin red grape variety. The name vranac means black stallion in the Montenegrin language mainly due to the colour of the skin of a ripe berry, and the powerful wines it creates.
After seven years of research and dozens of different micro and macro trials, in the year 1993 Plantaže developed a cutting edge vinification technology, and thus a new product “Vranac- Pro Corde (‘for the heart’).
Maceration and vinification for Pro Corde utilizes this unique technological procedure, by which natural ingredients inside the grapes called proanthocyanidins have been increased. Proanthocyanidins are very powerful antioxidants that remove harmful free oxygen radicals from cells. Studies indicate that antioxidant power of proanthocyanidins is 20 times higher than that of vitamin C and 50 times higher than vitamin E. Thus Vranac Pro Corde has been shown to be especially beneficial to heart health.
Vranac Pro-Corde has been aged for two years in 35% big French oak barrels, and 65% in the inox vats
Color: deep, dark red
Nose: Big, rich, opulent fruity nose of blackberries and blueberries, intertwined with the notes of dark cherries, plums, and coffee.
Palate: Smooth, juicy, big, rich and fruity. Velvety tannins that are well integrated for a smooth taste. Long fruity finish with hints of dark chocolate.
Recommended serving temperature: 16 to 18 degrees.
Food Pairing Suggestions: Pro Corde is ideal with steaks, roasted lamb, game meat and also with poultry such as roasted goose or duck meat. It is an excellent match for spicy goulash as well as grilled tuna. It is perfect with the mature, hard cheese.
14.5% ABV, 750ML
Red Wine Blend: Vranac 80%, Cabernet Sauvignon 10%, Merlot 10 %
This wine was produced to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the founding of Plantaže and also to mark the grand Jubilee – 200 years from the birth of the Montenegrin ruler and bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos. Vladika is an original blend, dominated by Vranac, with a little Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. It represents a complex, strong and modern wine that is aged in the best oak vats. It possesses opulent aromas, velvety tannins and an impressive finish. It is an extremely harmonious wine that will only improve over time and can easily age for another 20 years under proper cellaring conditions.
This wine was aged for two years in wooden barrels and French oak barriques
Color: deep dark red with ruby trim.
Nose: cedar, subtle mint, toasted oak and vanilla. Rich fruits in the background. Plums and dark cherries.
Palate: Opulent and enchanting. Rich and harmonious. Deep and concentrated. This is a full bodied, smooth, round, juicy wine with big rich fruit. Notes of tart cherries on mid palate. The tannins are succulent, chewy, and persistent. The finish is incredibly long and enjoyable with fruity notes of blackberry, blueberry, plums and interwoven with hints of coffee, tobacco, dark chocolate and oak. Lingering, warm, and incredibly enjoyable.
Recommended Serving Temperature: 16 to 18 degrees
Food Pairing: With all types of grilled steak especially ribeye, New York strip or T-bone. Barbecued meats especially beef, lamb and ribs. Pastas prepared with heavy meat and red sauce. Spicy dishes. Dark Chocolate.