Trappists:

Who are the Trappists?

The Order of Cistercians of Strict Observance (OCSO) is a Roman Catholic religious order of cloistered, contemplative monks or nuns who follow the Rule of St. Benedict. The order was formed in 1664 at the La Trappe Abbey in Normandy, France as a reform movement in response to the relaxation of monastic practices within the Cistercian order. The Trappists officially broke away from the Cistercian order in 1892 to form an independent monastic order with the approval of the pope. Trappists strictly abide by the concept of “ora et labora” (prayer and work) as outlined in Chapter 48 of The Rule of St. Benedict, which states “for then are they monks in truth, if they live by the work of their hands.” The life of a Trappist monk consists of contemplative prayer, community liturgy, and manual labor. Simple living is one of the key hallmarks of monastic life.

What is an “Authentic Trappist Product”?

The International Trappist Association (ITA) is an organization comprised of 20 monasteries of the Order of Cistercians of Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly referred to as “Trappists” (monks) and “Trappistines” (nuns). The brothers and sisters of these monastic orders produce various handmade products which provide for their own living expenses and also enable them to help others in need.

The ITA was established in 1997 and the “Authentic Trappist Product” label was created to ensure the consumer of the origin and authenticity of Trappist products, especially in the beer market where a considerable number of brands portray themselves using a “religious” image even though the products don’t come from a monastery. The ATP label guarantees the monastic origin of the products and ensures the products measure up to the quality and traditional standards rooted in the monastic life of a real Trappist community. These twenty communities alone can submit an application for the right to use the collective figurative ATP trademark label for their monastery’s products.

On the other hand, all products produced by the 175 Trappist monasteries globally may be called TRAPPIST products.  The name TRAPPIST is a designation of origin.  Apart from Trappist monasteries, no one may appropriate to himself the right to use this name for any product whatsoever.

What is Trappist Beer?

A “Trappist” beer must satisfy a number of stringent criteria in order to attain the ATP logo and truly bear the Trappist name. According to the rules outlined by the ITA:

The beer must be brewed within the walls of a Trappist monastery, either by the monks themselves or under their supervision.

The brewery must be of secondary importance within the monastery and it should witness to the business practices proper to a monastic way of life

The brewery is not intended to be a profit-making venture. The income covers the living expenses of the monks and the maintenance of the buildings and grounds.  Whatever remains is donated to charity for social work and to help persons in need.

Trappist breweries strictly comply with all health and safety standards as well as consumer information standards.  Their advertising and communication is marked by honesty, soberness and a modesty proper to the religious setting in which the beer is brewed.

There are currently 11 Trappist monasteries that carry the ATP logo on their beers. These include:

Belgium: Achel、Orval、Chimay、Rochefort、Westmalle、Westvleteren

Netherlands: La Trappe, Zundert

Austria: Stift-Engelszell

USA: Spencer

Italy: Tre Fontane

ATP-label application procedure

Only members of the International Trappist Association are able to submit an application for the right to use the “AUTHENTIC TRAPPIST PRODUCT” logo for a product. After the application has been received, the chairman and the members of the Board of Directors of the ITA will begin an evaluation procedure. This can take several months. The procedure includes assembling an extensive dossier, an on-site visit to check the production regulations and the quality demands as set by the ITA, and of course, a tasting of the products concerned. At the end of the procedure, the Board of Directors of the ITA will decide whether or not to grant the right to use the “AUTHENTIC TRAPPIST PRODUCT” logo for the products concerned. This ATP license is valid for five years. The monastery then commits itself to compliance with all the conditions expressed in the Regulation of Internal Order of the ITA.

什麼是特拉普會(嚴規熙篤會)

特拉普會又稱嚴規熙篤會,同樣遵守聖本篤會規,但比熙篤會更嚴格。嚴規熙篤會特拉帕修道院在天主教改格運動中於1664年在法國諾曼第成立,當時改格針對日漸寬鬆的聖本篤會規,並在1892年在教宗的准許下正式從熙篤會獨立出來,他們嚴謹依循聖本篤會規第48章「祈禱與工作」生活理念:「每座修院要自食其力……幾時他們靠雙手操作度日,才算是真正的隱修士。」追求更嚴謹更守紀律的生活,接受這些規定的修道士形成特拉普會(也就是嚴規熙篤會)。

什麼是「特拉普認證的產品」(ATP)?

ITA由20間修道院組成,除了啤酒,這些ITA修道院成員亦製造各式商品販售(如肥皂、起司等),但有些成員並不生產啤酒。所有的產品都是由修士及修女生產,用以支持日常開銷、教會修繕以及幫助他人。只有這20間修道院可以申請並使用ITA商標符號。

1997年,六家比利時、一家荷蘭和一家德國的特拉普會修道院為了避免”Trappist “名稱被濫用,成立了國際特拉普斯特聯盟(ITA),並製訂了ITA標誌、並將此標誌給予生產過程合乎聯盟生產規範的產品。於是經過ITA所認證過的產品都會有它們的六角形Authentic Trappist Product標誌,這是為了要確保消費者在購買時能清楚知道他們所購買的產品是經過認證,而非只是現今啤酒市場中令人眼花撩亂的「修道院啤酒」。

這些未經認證的修道院風格啤酒打著宗教的名義,但有些卻甚至不是由修道院所釀造。所以ATP所代表的,不只是來自真正特拉普修道院的啤酒,還代表其釀造的水準和品質都經過嚴格的審核。而另一方面,也只有隸屬於特拉普會全球175間修道院所生產的產品可以使用「Trappist」這個名稱。

什麼是修道院啤酒?

ITA認證啤酒必須通過嚴謹審核及規範,方可獲得ATP商標成為真正修道院啤酒。據ITA規定修道院啤酒必須符合下列條件:

1. 啤酒必須在特拉普修道內或附近地區生產,且必須由修士生產或在修士監督下生產。

2. 修道院必須視釀啤酒為次等重要的,商業經營方式必須見證並符合修道院生活。

3. 修道院不能將營利設為首要目標,釀酒所得主要用途為修道士生活費、修道院開支,認何盈餘必須捐助慈善機構或資助有需要的人。

目前全球僅有11家修道院所產啤酒可使用ATP商標,它們分別是:

比利時:Achel、Orval、Chimay、Rochefort、Westmalle、Westvleteren

荷蘭: La Trappe, Zundert

奧地利: Stift-Engelszell

美國: Spencer

義大利: Tre Fontane

申請ATP商標申請過程:

只有ITA成員可以申請ATP商標,申請提出聯盟收到後,聯盟主席和成員審核過程可達數月。審核過程繁複,除了審核書面文件外,審查團也會到場參觀生產流程、檢查生產過程是否符合ITA規定及品質要求,當然最後啤酒還需由審查團親自品嚐決定是否達標。最後主席會決定是否發配ATP商標使用執照,每個執照有效期為五年,而獲得執照的修道院也必須承諾遵守ITA的監督規範。

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